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Inventory of Ewanrigg Hall Maryport 1585


This inventory lists the property that Mr. Anthony Thwaytes Esquire owned when he lived at Ewanrig Hall in 1585.  We are fortunate that the property has such detailed valuation and although the pounds can not be compared to current money, the valuation allows us to see how important the items were.  Presumably the most highly valued items are the most important items.

An Inventory of all the goodes and cattell of Mr. Anthony Thwaytes Esquir(e) which he died possessed of prised by these sexe sworne men Christopher Blennerhassett, Gawuen Eaglesfield, Robert Sleddall, Chrietopher Crakeplace (?), Robert Robinson and Richard Smythe tayken at Uneridge the 22nd daye of October Anno Domimi 1585 Elizabeth (the) 27th (year) a foloweth hearafter.


Cattell (Cattle)
Inprimis 5 oxen price £10 0s 0d
Item 12 Kye price and a bull £17 13s 4d
Item thre stottes price £2 0s 0d
Item 5 whyes price £2 10s 0d
Item 12 calves price £2 8s 0d
Item one blacke horse price £4 0s od
Item thre nagges price £4 10s 0d
Item one old bay nagge etc, 10s 0d
Sheeppe (Sheep)
Item 5 old croke yowes (ewes) price 8s 0d
Item sheppe in Thwaytes
Note in Latin “vide scedula unam libram” (This item probably refers to sheep out on the fell.)
Swine (pigs)
Item one sewe (sow) with pigge price 6s 8d
Item foure other swine price £1 0s 0d
Item foure shottes price 8s 0d
Gease and Pullan (Geese and Poultry)
Item 23 gease price 8s 0d
Item a coke (cock) and 3 mallertes 1s0d
Item one mowe (mowing) of haver and a halfe in the kylle with strow price
£6 0s 0d
Item foure mowes of haver in the hey laith with strow price £26 13s 4d
Item a mowe of bidg (bigg) in the bidge laith with strow price £9 12s 0d
Item a mowe of bidg in the kylle with strowe price £3 0s 0d
Item (weatt) in the bidgg laith with strow price £2 2s 8d
Item one mowe of pease in the laith and the pease in the hagg house £6 13s 4d
Item wheat sawne (sown) on the ground £2 15s 0d
Item 13 threve of hemppe (hemp) and 13 threve of lyne (line) 8s 8d
Haye (hay)
Item thre mowes of haye price £8 0s 0d
In the Hawll (Hall)
Item two tables the one with a fraime (frame)
Item a cubbart (cupboard) a counter(?) and two skembles
Item 3 Buffates (buffets) 3 talleclothes (tablecloths) two of erryes (arras) worke and an old one 3 chaires
Item an Iron Cradell with a prodder
Item a Cubbart cloth 3 bowes with two quyvers (quivers) two broke skynne bagges and 3 other bagges with sex (six) shafe (sheaf) of  arrowes
Item a crosbow called a stone bowe
Item a dagger and a long quue (?) intranis (?)
Price altogether is £4 6s 8d
In the Buttrye (Pantry)
Item a great siver salt duble gilt £2 13s 4d
Item a lesse silver salt duble gilt price £1 0s 0d
Item sextene (sixteen) silver sponnes (spoons) price £4 0s 0d
Item 6 chargers 6 platers 6 dublers 6 dishes 12 sawcers (saucers) 6 pottegers all nw price £2 0s 0d
Item 4 chargers 7 platers 3 dublers 5 dishes 2 basonns (basins) and a podeger price
£1 4s 0d
Item 5 old platers 3 dishes and 3 sawcers 9s 0d
Item a bason and an ewer price 4s 0d
Item tenn peece of broken powder (pewter?) 3s 4d
Item a meselen bayson (basin) price
Item two great powder (pewter?) pottes 1s 8d
Item two litle pottes 5 powder (pewter?) chamber pottes and two
 candlestickes 10s 0d
Item 8 Latten Candlestickes price 8s 0d
Item 2 Glasses price 8d
Item 4 cannes price 6d
Item a potte and a picher (pitcher) with (vergis?) 1s 0d
Item sextenne (sixteen) barralles (barrels) for beare (beer) 10s 0d
Item an almyrie a chist (chest) and bourdes (boards) 6s 8d
Item two fattes and a candlechist (?) 4s 0d
In the Kechinge (Kitchen)
Item 6 brasse pottes and a possuat (possett?) 5 pannes £2 0s 0d
Item 3 fyne crokes (crooks) two great Rackes (racks)
Item an Iron Credall (cradle) with a prod Iron
Item 5 speates (spits) two brule (?) irons two cressates a frying pann two paire of potte kylppes and a greater (grater) 3 paire of tanges (tongs) and a fleshe croke a girdle and a brandrath  price altogether £10 4s 6d
In the Brewhouse
Item a great lead with a masse fatte and a gylle fatte price £2 0s 0d
Item a litle lead with a fatte a knoppe and a litle almyrie price 10s od
Item an arke a long chist (chest) with certaine drissing (?) bourdes
(boards) price £1 0s 0d
Item reven (riven) wood in the keching (kitchen) 1s 4d
Item plugh (ploe) geare in the kechin 2s 0d
In the bakehouse
Item a wood trough and a stone trough with a bowting (?) tubbe price
In the larderhouse
Item a great fatte and a lesse fatte
Item 3 hogsheades a barrell a kytte with a covering a tubb with  a lydd (lid) and a litle butter kytte price 15s 0d
In the mylkehouse (dairy)
Item a Racken croke two mylke pannes
Item 6 handles two great kyttes with covers
Item 3 standes 3 cressates (cressetts) two geggans
Item 3 creame pottes 6 butter cuppes and a safe two chease (cheese) rackes two meales (?)
Item a cheasse (cheese) prisse (press) two skelves (?) a bourd a (?) and two kawdran bandes 16s 0d
In the Malthouse
Item a great arke price 13s 4d
Item in malt price 16s 0d
Item tenne old hodgseades with bourdes (boards) and other reven (riven) woodd
£1 0s 0d
Item a paire of great panyers 6d
In the Nursehouse
Item two beddes two formes
Item 3 paire of wolle cardes and two spining wheales (wheels) price } 6s 8d
Item a matteras (mattress) 3 blanketes
Item 3 coverletes and a bowlster (bolster) 6s 8d
Item 8 new seckes (sacks?) and 4 old ons (ones)
Item one harden Windecloth and an old windecloth price altogether 10s 0d
In the butterye lofte
Item one bedd of wainescott with a fetherbedd and a matteras a paire of blanketes and two coverletes with a teaster off silke and hangings of say £2 0s 0d
Item one chaire a chist and a buffat (buffet) price 4s 0d
Item a table and two trisles (trestles) price 2s 6d
In the maides chamber
Item one bedd with two matterasses
Item a blanket a coverlet and a bowlster 8s 0d
Item a great chist price 4s 0d
In the lawe (low) chamber
Item a stand (?) bedd with a matteras a coverlet a happen and a bowlster price 5s 0d
In the person (parson?) lofte
Item a trussing bedd with a fether bedd a matteras two blanketes two coverletes and a bowlster with a teaster price £1 13s 4d
Item in fedders price 7s 0d
Item certaine plewheades (?) and other reven (riven) woodd (wood) price 3s 0d
In the law (low) tower
Item two trussing beedes price 10s 0d
Item a whealebedd price 2s 0d
Item two silke teasters (testers) price £1 13s 4d
Item courtens (curtains) of say price 16s 0d
Item 3 paire of blanketes 12s 0d
Item 5 coverclothes price £1 6s 8d
Item one matteras price 4s 0d
Item two bedd coverings the one of errys (arras) worke the other of
greane (green) carsay price £2 0s 0d
Item 3 bowlsters and 3 pyllivers price 10s 0d
Item 4 fedder (feather) beddes price £2 0s 0d
Item lynne (linen) courtens (curtains) price 5s 0d
Item 8 pyllay coverings price 8s 0d
Item a prisser a cubbord with a frame
Item two chistes a chaire and a litle bourd (board) 12s 0d
Shettes and napry of lynninge (sheets and napery of linen)
Inprimis 3 dossen (dozen) and 4 bound napkens 13s 4d
Item 9 lynne (linen) bourdclothes price £1 16s 6d
Item one harden bourdcloth price 12d
Item two lynne towelles price 2s 0d
Item a diper (diaper) towell price 4s 0d
Item 3 paire of fyne lynne sheates one paire of 3 breades (breadths)
and two paire of two breades (and) a quarter brede (breadth) £3 0s 0d
Item 12 paire of courser sheattes of meyddle (?) and handed (?) price £1 12s 0d
In the Myddle Tower
Item two trussing beddes price 13s 4d
Item two silke teasters price £1 6s 8d
Item hangings of say price £1 13s 4d
Item two matterasses price 4s 0d
Item two fedder beddes price £1 0s 0d
Item two paire of blanketes price 8s 0d
Item fower coverclothes price £1 6s 8d
Item two bedde coverings price £3 6s 8d
Item two bowsters and two pyllivers 8s 0d
Item a litle cubbart and a chaire price 3s 0d
In the Heigh Tower
Item a stand bedde 4 heare roppes (hair ropes?) and 4 paire of
swingles with an old broken speate (spit) and certaine alame
wood for bowes 3s 4d
His apparrell
Imprinis a grograin gown price £4 0s 0d
Item a satten (satin) dublet price £2 0s 0d
Item an other satten dublet etc £1 0s 0d
Item a yerkin (jerkin) of silke grograin lyned with taffetie price 13s 4d
Item a paire of velvet briches (breeches) £2 0s 0d
Item a blacke puke cloke (cloak) price £2 13s 4d
Item another cloke price £1 6s 4d
Item a paire of silke grograin briches 13s 4d
Item a fustian dublet price 10s 0d
Item another fustian dublet 6s 8d
Item an old cloke price 3s 4d
Item two paire of yersay (jersey) stockings 3s 4d
Item a pettycott of flannan (flannel?) etc 1s 8d
Item two paire of boote (?) stockings 1s 4d
Item 7 shearttes (shirts) and 7 bands –
Item a velvett cappe price 10s 0d
Item a taffytie hatt (?) price 6s 8d
Item a blacke cappe price 2s 0d
Item a cloke bagge price 1s 0d
Item a paire of boottes (boots) price 3s 4d
Item 6 steale (steel) cottes (coats) price 31 0s 0d
Item 6 steale (steel) cappes and coverings 10s 0d
Item an old cubbertcloth (cupboard cloth) and a hanging 1s 0d
Item two glasse bottels wanded and a tynn (tin) bottell 3s 0d
Item a great charger price 5s 0d
Item thre litle (?) glasses price 10d
In husbandry geare
Item two paire of wheiles (wheels) with two paire of Raythes (?) and
two kouppes £1 0s 0d
Item one wheale carre (cart with wheels ?) price 6s 8d
Item 6 plowes (ploughs) 4 traile carres etc and 3 paire of harras
(harrows?) price of all 3s 4d
In Iron geare
Item 3 kowters 2 sockes 7 temes
Item two plowe (brules?) gayvlocke (gavelock)
Item 3 axes 2 hackes and a great axe
Item a thystle and a rist (?) womble
Item two speades (spades) and a persell (?) womble
Item 4 shodd forkes 2 Iron forkes £1 10s 0d
Item 2 old sythes (scythes) 8 sickles  price 2s 0d
Item 6 yokes with bowes price 1s 4d
Item horse geare with a teame price 2s 0d
Item 4 axell (axle) nayles (nails) price 1s 4d
Item 4 otter (?) stanses (?) price
In the Stable
Item a stand bedde a matteras a blanket 5s 0d
Item a coverlet a happen and a bowster etc
Item 3 saddles bridles girdles stirropp (stirrup) Irons howsling (?)
clothes and saddle clothes price of all 5s 0d
Item a corne barrell price 1s 0d
In the byer
Item a stand bedde a coverlett and two happens price of all 2s 0d
Item 2 paire of cleppes and 3 rakes 6d
Item bourdes (boards) and barres (bars) of an (cale?) arke with two
troughes price 2s od


Alame elm
Almyrie almery cupboard
Apparrell clothing
Ark(e) a chest for meal
Arras tapestry work
Bands collars or ruffs
Bigg barley
Bourdclothes tablecloths
Bowting meaning uncertain-kneading tub or one used for raising the dough
Brandreth a trivet used to support the girdle over the fire
Broke broken
Candlechist chest for storing candles
Carsay kersey woollen cloth
Chargers large dishes or flat plates
Cleppes tongs
Cloke bagge cloak bag a bag for carrying clothes
Cradell with a prodder meaning uncertain– stand for a poker?
Cressates cressetts iron container sometimes used for burning oil or other substances to provide light
Croke crock an old ewe
Crooks and racks ironwork over fire for hanging pans and basins etc
Dublers large earthenware/wood/pewter dishes
Dublet doublet close fitting mens body garment with or without sleeves
Fatte vat or tub
Fleshe croke hook for hanging meat to roast over fire
Fustian Coarse cloth of wool and flax
Gavelock iron crow bar
Geggans geggins small tub of equal diameter top and bottom. They have one stave longer than the other to act as a handle
Girdle griddle circular iron plate with a bow handle on which cakes were baked
Grograin a coarse fabric of silk or silk and Wool c.f. grosgrain
Gylle fatte guile fatte wort tub – a tub for leavings eg of the brewing process
Hackes pick axes with two points
Hagg(s) turf, turves (peats)
Happen happin thick woollen bedcover
Harden (cloth) a coarse cloth
Haver oates
Heylaith haybarn
Hogsheads casks for beer and wine
Imprimis first (latin)
Kawdran bandes cauldron ?
Knoppe small tub with two stave handles
Kouppes possibly cowp or small short fellside carts coop carts
Kowters coulters iron blades fixed in front of shares in a plough
Kye kine cow
Kylle kiln
Kylppes hooks
Kytt kitt tub or pail sometimes with lid
Latten a brass like metal
Lead a container for brewing beer
Lyne flax
Mallertes mallard ducks ?
Massefatte tub for mashing malt
Meselen bayson brass basin
Nag(ges) horse(s)
Panyers paniers saddle bags
Platers plates
Possuat possett this usually refers to a drink made of hot milk and ale but in this context seems to refer to the mug or cup
Pottegers pottingers/porringers basins for soup c.f. podeger
Press large shelved cupboards sometimes in the recees of a wall
Prisser press (?)
Puke a superior kind of woollen cloth
Pyllivers pillow cases
Quivers holders for arrows
Racken croke hook and rack
Salt salt cellar
Say a fine cloth made of wool or silk and wool
Shodd tipped edged or sheathed with metal
Shottes shots half grown swine
Skelves shelves ?
Skembles skemmels forms or long seats without a back
Sockes plough shares
Steale cottes steel coats steel jackets – armour
Stone-bow a kind of cross bow or catapult used for shooting stones
Stottes stots bullocks
Swingles swingletree the wooden bar by which the traces etc are attached to the plough
Teaster tester a canopy over the bed
Temes either a set of draught animals (ie horses oxen etc used to pull a cart) or a waggon with a horse or horses
Threve sheave
Thystle thistle tang? Tongs for pulling up weeds
Traile carres carts or tubs which had to be pushed by manual labour and were not drawn by animals (a mining term)
Trussing bed bed with a staw mattress ?
Vergis verdigris (?) green deposit which forms on copper or brass
Wainescott wood pannelled
Wanded slender (?)
Whealebedd bed on wheels
Why(es) heifer(s)
Windecloth winnowing cloth (?)
Wolle cardes implements to disentagle wool and prepare it for spinning
Womble wimble tool such as gimlet augur or brace
Yokes with bowes equipment for yoking oxen to a cart or plough
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