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The Dormont Book of Carlisle

Unlawful Games 59- Item, if any person or persons suffer hereafter any unlawful games to be played at or within his house or garden shall forfeit for every time. And the player at the same games [fined] 6 shillings, 8…

Curwen reiver family of Workington armed to raid the Scots

Curwen reivers of Workington steal the gates of Carlaverock Castle etc. The Curwens have been listed among the reiving families of the 16th century, and records show how forces were raised and armed to fight against the Scots. The Feudal…

Kinmont Willie Escapes from Carlisle Castle

A STORY ABOUT THE REIVER KINMONT WILLY Text from the story telling of Peter Shaw, at Carlisle Castle.  Click here for violent life and grave slab (Click here for Audio version )  [Click for song ] Kinmont Willy was a…

Sir Walter Scott Links with Carlisle

SIR WALTER SCOTT'S LINKS WITH CARLISLE Had it not been for Scott's collecting and reworking of many of the border ballads, much of the tradition, character and mythology of the Reiver story would be lost. His biography is intimately linked…

Hazelslack Tower Cumbria

Hazelslack Tower Cumbria The substantial remains of this interesting little L-shaped Border tower-house stand about a mile east of Arnside in Cumbria. The tall tower of four storeys is roughly built from limestone rubble and may date from the late…

Arnside Tower Cumbria

Arnside Tower. Arnside Tower, Arnside, Cumbria, drawing from a 1986 sketchbook by Pete Armstrong. Arnside Tower stands about a mile from the town of Arnside on the River Kent, near the northern end of Morecambe Bay. The road to Silverdale…

The Church in Cumbria hammered by the Scots

The Church in Cumbria hammered by the Scots! From the time of the early church to the time of the union between England and Scotland in 1603, there was trouble from Scottish invaders. Until 1157 Scotland laid claim to Cumbria…

Reiver Truce Days and Locations

Reiver Days of Truce and Locations The Wardens of opposing Marches agreed upon a day and place of meeting usually on the frontier but sometimes elsewhere. In the west, Dumfries and Carlisle were convenient venues, particularly in the winter. Notice…

Reiver Routes

Reiving Routes The following text is from text in the Callendar of Border Papers and dates from the 16th century. It gives an impression of the routes that Reivers may have taken on their raids to steal cattle and any…

Complaints of Losses from Reiver Raiders

Record of Theft, Damage, Injury and Cost of Raids by Reivers These are some of the complaints made by victims of raids by Scottish and English Reivers at the end of the 16th century. The complaints were made to Justices…

Rules to Protect Carlisle from Scots

Rules to Defend Border Towns - Carlisle Scotland and England feared theft and invasion from each other. Towns were where the wealth resided, thus invaders and thieves sought to strip towns of their valuables. Towns were also where power and…

Battle of Solway Moss 1542

Solway Moss, The Battle Of, 1542 The Battle of Solway Moss, 1542; Thomas Wharton's “prickers” rout the Scots Painting of The Battle of Solway Moss, by Rick Scollins, c.1986. The illustrator Richard Scollins specialised in military subjects. His painting of…

Sir Richard Lowther Tomb And Effigy

Tomb And Effigy Of Sir Richard Lowther Tomb with effigy of Sir Richard Lowther, Lord Warden of the Marches in Lowther Church, Cumbria The inscription above Sir Richard Lowther's tomb runs thus; “Sr.Rich:Lowther Knig.Succeeded Hen: Lod:Scroope in ye Office of…

Thomas Lord Dacre Tomb At Lanercost Priory

Thomas, Lord Dacre's Tomb At Lanercost Priory Tomb of Thomas, Lord Dacre (1467-1525) at Lanercost Priory The tomb of Thomas Lord Dacre, of Flodden fame, who died in 1525 stands in the Chapel of St. Catherine in the South Transept…

Edward I Monument Solway Firth Fording Places

Edward I Monument Solway - Firth Fording Places Solway Firth Fords; Edward I Monument and sites of former Solway crossings King Edward I, “The Hammer of the Scots”, died on the Solway in 1307 while attempting to again subject his…

Sir Richard Salkeld Captain Of Carlisle

Sir Richard Salkeld, Captain Of Carlisle Effigy from the Tomb of Sir Richard Salkeld, Captain of Carlisle d.1500 The effigy of Sir Richard Salkeld of Corby Castle, who died in 1500 and his wife Jane Vaux, daughter of Roland Vaux…

Sir Humphry Dacre Tomb Lanercost Priory

Sir Humphry Dacre Tomb At Lanercost Priory Tomb of Sir Humphry Dacre, Lord Warden of the West March d.1485 The tomb of Sir Humphry Dacre, Lord Warden of the English West March who died in 1485 stands in the Chapel…

Blackmail by Richie Graham

Richie Graham’s Blackmail Blackmail: A Protection Racket on the Borders in 16th century The Grahams on both sides of the Esk elevated the extraction of blackmail or protection money to a full-time profession. Charges laid against Richie Graham of Brackenhill…

The West March of England

Map of the West March of England, Boundaries and Generalities. The English West March was the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland though the latter was too far from the frontier to be important in border affairs. The twenty mile land…

Scots Dike, The Debateable Land

Scots' Dike earthwork marking Scotland / England frontier of 16th century Debateable Land The double ditch and embankment of the Scots' Dike are still identifiable in parts, though now little more than a low mound with traces of a ditch…

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