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Yett Yatt, a Wrought-Iron Gate Door

Yett or Yatt, a Wrought-Iron Gate Door, Typical of Border Strongholds A “Yett” was a wrought-iron door made by riveting thick iron bars together to form a strong latticework. This structure was then reinforced by…

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Barmkin

Definitions, sites and generalities of a Barmkin/Barnekin Most pele-towers and tower-houses of the Border did not stand in isolation but had a barmkin attached. That is an enclosure normally of stone but sometimes of earth…

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Tower House

Generalities and Cut-Away Drawing of Tower-Houses by Pete Armstrong. The terms “Tower-House” and “Pele Tower” are the cause of some confusion. Though the terminology differs, the function of these buildings is similar and their form…

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Pele Tower

Generalities, description and cut-away drawing of a Pele, Peel or Pele-Tower by Pete Armstrong Pele is derived from “pel” an Old French word for a stake. In early times many fortifications were constructed from wooden…

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Ford Castle, Ford, Northumberland

Ford Castle, Ford, Northumberland Ford Castle stands about six miles below the Border in the valley of the river Till, a tributary of the Tweed. William Heron was given a licence to crenellate or fortify…

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Etal Castle, Etal, Northumberland

Etal Castle, Etal, Northumberland Etal Castle stands about four miles below the Border on the river Till, a tributary of the Tweed. The castle is deserted and ruinous as it has been since James IV…

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Vicar’s Pele, Corbridge, Northumberland

The Vicar's Pele at Corbridge, Northumberland The Vicar's Pele stands well preserved, repaired and re-roofed within the churchyard in Corbridge. It was first built in the early 14th century and we know that in 1415…

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Woodhouse Tower, Kirtlebridge, Dumfriesshire

The ruins of Woodhouse Tower, Kirtlebridge, Dumfriesshire The ruins of Woodhouse Tower are situated on the opposite bank of the Kirtle Water to neighbouring Robgill and Bonshaw Towers. Only the north wall remains standing to…

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Stapleton Tower, Annandale

Stapleton Tower, Annandale, Dumfriesshire view from the east This oblong 16th century tower stands three miles north-east of Annan. It consists of four storeys underneath a crenellated parapet, though this is a modern reconstruction probably…

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