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Hazelslack Tower Cumbria

Hazelslack Tower Cumbria The substantial remains of this interesting little L-shaped Border tower-house stand about a mile east of Arnside in Cumbria. The tall tower of four storeys is roughly built from limestone rubble and…

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Arnside Tower Cumbria

Arnside Tower. Arnside Tower, Arnside, Cumbria, drawing from a 1986 sketchbook by Pete Armstrong. Arnside Tower stands about a mile from the town of Arnside on the River Kent, near the northern end of Morecambe…

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Yanwath Hall, Eamont Bridge, Cumbria

Yanwath Hall From The South, Eamont Bridge, Cumbria Yanwath Hall is quite exceptional as it retains all the features of a medieval Border stronghold and is the finest survival of a pele tower with its…

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Newton Arlosh Fortified Church Tower

Newton Arlosh Church, a fortified church on the Solway The 14th century church at Newton Arlosh stands close by the fords across the Solway that in earlier times were used by raiders from across the…

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Milburn, a fortified village in Cumbria

Milburn; a fortified village in the Eden Valley in Cumbria The attractive old-world village of Milburn nestles in the shadow of Great Dun Fell. It is one of a string of fell-foot settlements strung along…

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Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumbria

Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumbria Naworth Castle stands to the east of Brampton in Cumbria. The first stone fortress on the site was built in the 14th century. In the 16th century Thomas, Lord Dacre, of…

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Lanercost Priory Fortified Buildings

Lanercost Priory, Fortified Buildings, Cumbria Lanercost, because of its position so close to the Border, suffered a series of devastating Scottish raids over the years. When David II plundered Lanercost in the 14th century, the…

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Great Salkeld Fortified Church Tower

Fortified tower of Great Salkeld Church, Great Salkeld, Cumbria The village of Great Salkeld in the Eden valley, a few miles north-east of Penrith lies on a route frequented by raiders in the past. In…

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Dacre Castle, Cumbria

Dacre Castle, Dacre, Cumbria Dacre Castle is a three-storey towerhouse of the 14th century, situated on a spur of high ground south of the church in the village of Dacre. The tower stands in the…

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Catterlen Hall, Cumbria

Catterlen Hall, Catterlen, Cumbria Catterlen Hall is a pele-tower of the late 15th century to which a hall range was added in the following century. It stands about two miles north-west of Penrith and ranks…

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Carlisle Castle, Cumbria

Carlisle Castle, Gateway and Moat, Carlisle, Cumbria The walled city of Carlisle with its imposing castle played a major role in the military history of the Borders, its importance in the west was similar to…

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Burneside Hall, Near Kendal, Cumbria

Buildings of Burneside Hall, Nr. Kendal, Cumbria Burneside Hall, though ruinous in parts, retains enough of its original fabric to enable us to reconstruct a complete picture of a stronghold of the English West March,…

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Burgh-by-Sands Church; Fortified Church Towers, Cumbria

Burgh-by-Sands Fortified Church Tower

Burgh-by-Sands Church; Fortified Church Towers, Cumbria The Solway village of Burgh-by-Sands lies on a route frequented by Scots Reivers in the past who forded the Solway here. The fortified Church tower was built of stones…

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