Border Reiver Name Locations On the Scottish Border the clan system was stronger than on…
WERE YOU A REIVER? Border Reiver Names
Note that other names may be associated with Reivers
For almost 400 years, from the early 14th century, the English and Scottish families fought a seemingly endless series of raids and reprisals. Cattle stealing and burning each others homes became part of everyday life. They were rugged, tough people who lived by their own laws and became known as the Border Reivers. Today their descendants can be found all over the World. If you have one of the names listed below or have ever suspected that your relatives were the villainous type you can probably now have your worst fears confirmed.
Notable characters whose names instilled fear, loyalty and folklore were:
|FAMILY||NOTABLE PERSON||FAMILY||NOTABLE PERSON|
|Armstrong||Johnnie Armstrong||Johnstone||James Johnstone|
|Kinmont Willie Armstrong||Kerr||Robert of Cessford|
|Burn||Geordie Burn||Thomas of Ferniehurst|
|Croser||Nebless Clemmie||Maxwell||Johnny Maxwell (4th Lord Herries)|
|Elliot||Little Jock of the Park||Robert Maxwell (5th Lord Herries)|
|Archie Fire the Braes||Musgrave||Thomas Musgrave, Captain of Bewcastle|
|Forster||Sir John Forster||Nixon||Fingerless Will Nixon|
|Graham||Richie of Brackenhill||Scott||Walter Scott, the Bold Buccleuch|
|Young Hutcheon||Walter Scott, Auld Wat of Harden|
|Many, many others!||Walter Scott of Buccleuch|
|Hetherington||Thomas the Merchant|
|Hume||Alexander, 3rd Lord Hume|
Most Borderers had an alias or second name distinct from their own surname. In communities of Routledges, Nixons and Nobles it was very necessary to distinguish between men bearing the same surname and having the same christian name. The difficulty was overcome by coupling with the man’s christian name some indication of his descent, or his place of residence, or some peculiarity in his appearance or personality. Many such names occur in these wills. The following are typical:
|cuddie’s John, [cuddie = cow]||Ramish John’s Whinton.|
|Eckies edmount,||Nebless Clem [neb = nose]|
|Thomas of the Eakeshawe,||Lang Sandie|
|geordy of the butter hill,||Jock o the side|
|Andrewe rowtlidge alias blackstaffe||Muckle mouthed Meg (a woman!) [= twisted mouth]|
A will made in the 16th century which shows some local names in Bewcastle.
Read the following phonetically, as it is written, they spell it the way it sounds.
Adam Storie £1 6s. 8d.
Ecke noble £1 7s.
geordy pruddom 15s.
rychie Sowerby £1 6s.
Johns willy £1
Cuddies John of the trough 15s.
Joh. Murresse of heskatt £1 6s. 8d.
Will Sanderson £2. 6s. 8d.
geordy of the butter hill 12s. 4d.
Jamy of the nuke 13s.
mathewe of the parke 3s. 4d.
peter Lambart 9s.
mathew kirsop £1
Jenkin Armestronge 6s.
John of the kill 6s. 6d.
Josye bell 6s.
Eckies edmount 17s.
Duke Stavely £16. 13s. 4d.
gawin of the moore 8s.
A note of his cattle in other mens hands and att his owne howse.
|Eckies edmount||one ox & viii other nowlt|
|Will Taler of the herper hill||one kow & one whye|
|Ecke noble||one blacke ox|
|Geordy of the hare hill||one stott|
|Jefiray robson of Kinge(water)||iii nowlt|
|John robson of the Saime||iii nowlt whereof one is a choise kowe|
|Tome Steavenson||ii nowlt|
|Jenkin Armestronge||ii kine & one whit whie|
|Clemetts Adam||ii kine|
|Antony of the pickes||ii stots & one whye|
|cuddies John of the trough||ii younge oxen|
|Ramish Johns Whinton||one kow & one whye|
|geordy pruddom||iii younge kine|
|Jamy of the nuke||iii whies|
|Rowye elliot||one kow & one ox|
|John of the kill||one kow & one ox|
|Thomas of the eakeshawe||one ox|