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Catterlen Hall, Cumbria

Catterlen Hall, Catterlen, Cumbria Catterlen Hall is a pele-tower of the late 15th century to which a hall range was added in the following century. It stands about two miles north-west of Penrith and ranks…

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Carlisle Castle, Cumbria

Carlisle Castle, Gateway and Moat, Carlisle, Cumbria The walled city of Carlisle with its imposing castle played a major role in the military history of the Borders, its importance in the west was similar to…

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Burneside Hall, Near Kendal, Cumbria

Buildings of Burneside Hall, Nr. Kendal, Cumbria Burneside Hall, though ruinous in parts, retains enough of its original fabric to enable us to reconstruct a complete picture of a stronghold of the English West March,…

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Burgh-by-Sands Church; Fortified Church Towers, Cumbria

Burgh-by-Sands Fortified Church Tower

Burgh-by-Sands Church; Fortified Church Towers, Cumbria The Solway village of Burgh-by-Sands lies on a route frequented by Scots Reivers in the past who forded the Solway here. The fortified Church tower was built of stones…

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Branthwaite Hall from the East, Dean, Cumbria

Branthwaite Hall, Reconstruction Drawing from East Drawing by Pete Armstrong of Branthwaite Hall, Dean, Cumbria, showing the Hall as it would have appeared in Elizabethan times Branthwaite Hall from the east. The illustrator has used…

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Branthwaite Hall from the East, Dean, Cumbria

Branthwaite Hall, Dean, Cumbria, from the East in 1986 before restoration work Branthwaite Hall stands between the hamlets of Dean and Branthwaite about five miles to the south of Cockermouth.  The imposing battlemented 14th century…

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Brackenhill Tower; Details Of The Wall-Head

Details of the wall-head of Brackenhill Tower, Longtown, Cumbria, from 1986 sketchbook by Pete Armstrong Page from a 1986 sketchbook recording original features and dimensions of the wallhead at Brackenhill Tower. The battlemented parapet is…

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Brackenhill Tower, Longtown, Cumbria

Brackenhill Tower, Longtown, Cumbria Brackenhill Tower stands on the river Line just to the east of Longtown in Cumbria. It is one of the finest and externally well preserved of surviving Border fortresses in the…

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Blencow Hall, Greystoke, Cumbria

Blencow Hall, Greystoke, Cumbria Blencow Hall is a typical example of a Border stronghold that was originally a pele-tower, built as a defence against the Scots raiders, developed later into a mansion and today is,…

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Bewcastle Castle, Cumbria

Bewcastle Castle or Bueth's Castle also, Belcastell, Boa, Bothe, Bowe; Bewcastle, Cumbria The ruins of Bewcastle stand on a mound in the north-east angle of a Roman fort. The earliest castle here was built in…

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Askerton Castle, Gilsland, Cumbria

Askerton is remotely sited on high open ground on the south-west flank of the Cheviots between Gilsland and Bewcastle. The buildings here are clustered round a courtyard and have been much restored and altered over…

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